ADLs are routine activities that people perform daily. These activities include the following:
Bathing and showering
Elimination (using the toilet)
Working under the supervision of a medical professional, HHAs perform the following activities as instructed:
Implements and upholds the plan for care
Takes and record temperature, respiration and pulse
Perform routine care for bathing, brushing teeth, dressing, grooming and feeding
Provide transport to doctor’s appointments, shopping and other activities
Assist with taking medication properly (under supervision only)
Help get in and out of bed
Help with mobility – getting in and out of chairs, helping to a standing position
Prepare nutritious meals, serve, assist with eating
Change bed sheets and make up beds
Light housekeeping such as washing dishes, sweeping floors, dust shelves, empty trash retrieve the mail, clean bathrooms, wash, dry and fold laundry
Provide companionship – hold conversations, play games, read aloud
Report changes in condition of patient or incidents to nurse in timely manner
Work Environment and Schedule
Most HHAs will work in the private homes of their patients; some will also work in small group homes.
Aides might work for one patient, going to the same home every day for months or years at a time. Others may have multiple homes to visit for varying lengths of time.
If this were the case, the aide may have several homes to visit in a single day. Therefore, is it critical to have reliable transportation for getting to each client’s home.
Personal Qualifications and Skills
To be successful as an HHA, there are a number of qualities that you should have to allow you to perform your job well. These characteristics include:
Maturity – both mentally and emotionally.
High interest and sympathetic nature – towards personally helping those in need with a concern for others
Strength and physical stamina – if necessary be able to correctly perform heavy lifting, participate in various physical activities, be able to stand on feet for extended periods of time, and endure extensive bending, standing and lifting on a routine basis.
Good communication skills – both speaking and active listening.
High ethics – meaning to be responsible and not take advantage of your client in any way.
Positive attitude – able to cheer someone up who is feeling down or sad.
Use this home health aide job description to help you determine if you have the ability to perform the job well and if you have the personal qualifications and skills needed for your patients to be happy they hired you.